|AIRPORT NOISE LAW|
SANTA MONICA, CALIFORNIA
JANUARY 25, 2017
[Editor's note: While the following dispute does not deal directly with airport-related noise, it illustrates one of the ways in which airport owners can lose control over operations that do cause noise at their airport when the FAA uses its power to force unwanted operations on an airport or, as in this case, stands by idly when aviation business interests exploit regulations to their advantage. This article is based on a news article published by ArgonautNews.com.]
While the city of Santa Monica’s standoff with the federal government over the fate of Santa Monica Airport (SMO) awaits its days in court, a more immediate patch of turbulence illustrates the divisive row between municipal and federal authority -— or at least the attached commercial and strategic interests.
JetSuite, a private air charter service operating out of SMO for the past several years, is now gearing up to launch an SMO outpost of JetSuiteX -— a self-styled “public charter” service offering private jet travel at prices competitive with commercial air travel out of Los Angeles International Airport. JetSuiteX aims to begin flight service on small aircraft (four to 30 seats) from SMO to Las Vegas, Carlsbad, and San Jose on Feb. 6. Compared to the thousands of dollars per hour normally paid for a private charter, JetSuiteX individual fares start as low as $29 each way to Carlsbad. And instead of the 1.5 hours it would otherwise take to make it through security, only a 15 minute advance arrival is required.
The city, however, has rejected JetSuiteX’s application to operate out of SMO. On Jan. 12 the city manager’s office made public a letter to the company outlining its “incomplete” paperwork. Presumably, JetSuiteX (operating as “Delux Public Charter”) would need the approval and cooperation of the airport in order to fly, and with the advertised launch date less than two weeks away, time is running out. However, as of this writing JetSuite showed no signs of retreat, having already sold out tickets on several days in February.
JetSuite CEO Alex Wilcox is unfazed by the city’s rejection. “We’ve got a federal right to operate there, and that’s our position. We’re going to show up on the 6th of February and take advantage of our right,” he told The Argonaut. In a Jan. 17 letter to SMO Manager Stelios Makrides, JetSuite makes a critical distinction between “commercial” operations, as the city has characterized JetSuiteX, and “public charters.”
According to Capt. Ross Aimer, a retired United Airlines pilot and CEO of Aero Consulting Experts (which has worked for JetSuite), JetSuiteX discovered that Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) 135 allows a sort of “public-private” charter. “This allows JetSuite to operate out of an FBO [fixed-base operation]. It kind of bypasses the main airport, regular commercial flights. So they’re selling this as public charter,” Aimer said. The FBO in this case is Atlantic Aviation, one of the tenants currently fighting eviction from SMO.
Santa Monica City Manager Rick Cole, of course, sees things differently. “They’re selling tickets to something they don’t have a legal right to do,” he said. The day after the city received JetSuite’s letter, the council held a closed-door session with the interim city attorney, presumably to discuss pending cases with the FAA (over closure of the airport and the eviction of two FBO tenants), and the approaching specter of litigation over JetSuiteX.
City officials reported taking no public action during that meeting, but in a recent phone call with The Argonaut, Cole drew a hard line in the sand. “We intend to vigorously work to keep them from beginning what we consider -— until a [commercial] permit is considered -— an illegal operation,” Cole said. “Regardless of their opinion, we are the regulatory body, and they don’t have a permit. We believe they have not sufficiently provided information upon which we can make a decision. In the meantime, they can’t start operating,” he continued.
The city claims the company’s proposed commercial activity qualifies as “air carrier service” and must submit to an environmental analysis guided by the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). JetSuite counters that their JetSuiteX plans fall within the scope of the city’s environmental impact report for the airport’s 1983 Master Plan, does not “change the operation of the facility,” and therefore is exempt.
“They’re trying to put themselves in place of the FAA and regulate interstate commerce,” Wilcox said, calling the city’s rejection “a power grab” and likening it to the city council “putting up a blockade at every entrance to the 10 Freeway” and making drivers fill out an EIR. “Our position is essentially that we have every federal authority to operate, the people of Santa Monica deserve to use their airport, and we’re going to fight hard to make sure they have every opportunity to do so,” Wilcox said.
Both JetSuite’s claim that it has a right to access the federal airspace system built with public dollars and the city’s claim that it has a right to regulate use of its airport are reasonable, Aimer said. In the city’s corner, he added, is the fact that SMO was created for private operation, “so I would think that SMO officials and the city have a very valid point, because now we’re kind of infringing on the intent of the operation of SMO.”
Residents concerned about noise and safety who might have accepted private jet charters run through Atlantic Aviation, Aimer reasoned, may now take issue with so-called public charters. “On the other hand,” he added, “because FAA decides who operates in and out of the airport, if they agree [with JetSuite], they have a case too. I would think they both have a case, and perhaps it would have to come to a conclusion in court.”
The FAA said in response to various questions concerning its involvement in the dispute: “The FAA’s role is to ensure that airport sponsors comply with federal obligations,” and pointed to a 20-page document titled “Assurances: Airport Sponsors,” assurances that airport owners like the City of Santa Monica are required to sign when they receive federal funds for airport improvements. This is the same argument the FAA has made in its current battle with the City of Santa Monica over the city's decision to close the airport, namely that the city is obligated to keep SMO open until 2023 because of assurances it gave as a condition of earlier grants. (The FAA is conducting an investigation into the city’s closure actions, and two related federal cases are scheduled for trial later this year. In addition a hearing on the FAA’s interim cease-and-desist-order issued against the eviction of two FBO tenants is set for a hearing on Feb. 2.)
Beneath this newest controversy is the existential question of SMO. Bill Semos, assistant director of Loyola Marymount’s MBA program and a 36-year airline industry veteran, put the current crisis in a broader context: Across the country, he explained, many once peripheral airports were expected to shut down before ultimately expanding (e.g., Love Field in Dallas, Chicago Midway, LaGuardia, Reagan National in D.C.). “These airports became institutionalized into an aviation system nationwide, so it’s been very difficult to shut them down,” he said. “In the FAA’s view, it is an integrated air transport system across the country. These airports at all levels, from [Los Angeles International Airport] down to the smallest ones, have a role to play in that.”
We are the only country in the world, Semos said, that does not have a national system of airports: ours are locally owned, making for a fractured network. “But the FAA, which has very, very specific charges under the law and therole Congress has for them, they’re obligated in their minds to keep this thing together,” he said. The vigorous community opposition to jet service out of SMO is an uncommon situation. “In this case you have a community saying, ‘No, we don’t want this.’ This is unusual. … An airport is a very, very important economic resource for the community,” Semos said. On the other hand, SMO is part of a national air travel system — “so you have the makings of a great debate here.”
Semos said it is clear that JetSuiteX is using ticket sales — and anticipated public outcry if operations don’t start — to muscle through approvals. “This smacks of someone, the company in question, always pushing the envelope,” he said. “They have a very convenient location; they want to start offering more. It’s in effect the building block of starting an airline.”
Cole would agree, calling JetSuiteX’s behavior “pretty typical of these so-called ‘disruptive’ technology companies,” citing Uber, Lyft, and Airbnb as examples of others that have tried to evade existing laws. “This is the new style of corporate behavior: ‘We’re new, we’re going to operate and see if we can’t get out ahead of regulation,’” Cole said. “Since we’ve seen this pattern before, we know how to deal with it.”
Cole said the city does not want to be in court and seeks “intelligent discussion” toward resolution, but he insists that the city’s approval process remains intact. “Even if we come to the conclusion that we’re going to waive the [requirement for] environmental documents, they still can’t have one in time to start on Feb. 6. So they’ll either voluntarily comply with the process or we’ll take enforcement action.” Asked whether that action means lawsuits, fines, or even police blockades, Cole demurred, with swagger: “It’s your job to ask that question, but I’m not going to answer.” While the FAA could conceivably further impose itself in the standoff, Cole is doubtful it will. Despite existing legal disputes, “the FAA has upheld our authority to regulate operations at the airport.”
Looking ahead, Wilcox said his is “very much a long-term vision” for operating at SMO, and he believes “only federal action can close the airport.” He argues that the democratization of charter jet travel will turn the tide in public opinion about SMO. “The way I see it, this kind of service is exactly the kind of thing that will increase the popularity of the airport among the city of Santa Monica. A few people nearby don’t like noise. A few more are developers who desperately want to develop all the land it is sitting on. And then the vast majority of Santa Monica is not aware the airport exists," Wilcox said. “Jet Suite will actually be providing service the average citizen can afford,” he continued.