AIRPORT NOISE LAW
TECHNICAL RESOURCES

Environmental Organizations
On-line Forums
Conferences/Symposia
Airports and Aviation
Airport Noise and Health
Noise Science

Bibliography Glossary

Revised March 18, 2009





Environmental Organizations

POLITICAL ACTION ORGANIZATIONS

Aviation Environment Federation
AEF has representation on UK Government and European Commission working groups and observer status to the environmental committee of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).

National Helicopter Noise Coalition
Provides information needed to fight helicopter noise and serves as a central network of local groups concerned specifically with helicopter noise. PO Box 260205, Encino, CA 91426.

National Organization to Insure a Sound-Controlled Environment
N.O.I.S.E. is an organization of representatives of local governments primarily from jurisdictions that do not own the airport by which they are impacted. It is an affiliate of the National League of Cities. It holds an annual conference.

601 Pennsylvania Avenue N.W.
South Building, Suite 900
Washington, D.C. 20004
Tele. 202.434.8163

U.S. Citizens Aviation Watch
CAW is a national organization dedicated to developing and furthering policies to protect individual communities and environmental health from aviation industry abuses, particularly noisy airports.


NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Green Party Noise Policy

National Library for the Environment
A project of the Committee for the National Institute for the Environment (CNIE). The library addresses the need for objective, scientifically sound information on environmental issues. CNIE is a national non-profit organization with a mission to improve the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues through the creation of a nonregulatory federal science agency known as the National Institute for the Environment (NIE).

Natural Resources Defense Council
"It is a fundamental right of all people to have a voice in the decisions that affect their environment." This national nonprofit organization engages in research, advocacy, litigation, and public education to preserve the environment and protect public health. It has four regional offices including one at 71 Stevenson Street, San Francisco 94105 (tel 415.777.0220). See the executive summary of the NRDC's 1995 study on the environmental impacts of airports and their recommendations on ways to improve regulations.

Noise Pollution Clearinghouse
This national nonprofit organization provides, among other things, a network among environmental, professional, medical, governmental, and activists groups working on issues of noise pollution. See especially their section on airport noise, which has excellent information on the impacts of aircraft noise on the general welfare.

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On-line Forums

alt.activism.noise-pollution — a Usenet news group.

Aviation Watch — e-mail forum of Citizens Aviation Watch -- United States.

NoiseQuest Community Forum — Click on the subscribe button for the NoiseQuest Community Forum (discussion list) and follow the instructions.

Safety and Noise as Airport Problems — Web-based forum in United Kingdom.

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Conferences/Symposia

Conferences Concerning Airport Noise


Airports and Aviation

AIRPORT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT MITIGATION

Airport Noise Regulations
Extensive and detailed survey of regulations at U.S. airports conducted (and kept current) by Boeing. On-line data includes text of regulations adopted by individual airports.

Seattle-Tacoma International Airport
This 1997 study recommends measures to mitigate the adverse impacts of a planned third runway at Sea-Tac Airport. The study was done for several cities near the airport under a grant from the State of Washington. Here we provide the text only of Section 9: Potential Socio-Economic Impacts and Mitigation.

Sections 9.01 - 9.07 Discusses expected declines in land values and land use surrounding the airport, changes in home ownership tenure, and the resulting impact on residential tax revenues.

Sections 9.08 - 9.10 Discusses the impact on demographics and expected changes in community facilities and services.

Section 9.11 Discusses the impact on the public schools and students.

Sections 9.12 - 9.15 Recommends mitigation measures and payments and development of a quality-of-life model for measuring the impacts of airport development plans.


AIRPORT PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Airport Consultants Council
ACC is the international trade association representing more than 200 firms providing services to airports and the aviation industry. Member companies offer architectural, engineering, planning, financial, management, economic, construction, consulting services.

Airport Hub
The "global portal for airport managers", created by Airports Council International - North America (see next entry).

Airports Council International
The Oakland, San Francisco, and San Jose airports are members of ACI - North America, which represents local, regional, and state governing bodies that own and operate commercial airports in the United States and Canada. ACI - North America publishes many useful (but expensive) volumes on airport operations, legal issues, trends, etc.

American Association of Airport Executives
See in particular Environmental Affairs.

National Air Traffic Controllers Association


AVIATION INDUSTRY

Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association
AOPA (founded 1939) represents primarily recreational pilot-owners of small single-engine aircraft.

Air Transport Association
ATA members account for 93% of the total cargo ton miles recorded by U.S. air carriers.

Cargo Letter
The latest news on what's happening in the air cargo industry.

Helicopter Association International

International Air Cargo Association

International Air Transport Association

International Civil Aviation Organization
The ICAO was formed by the Convention on International Civil Aviation, signed at Chicago on December 7, 1944. It came into effect upon ratification by 26 States, on April 4, 1947, and by the end of 1999 had been ratified by 185 States, making it one of the world's most widely accepted international legal instruments. In October 2001 the ICAO Assembly adopted noise limits for "stage 4" aircraft, i.e., aircraft built after 2006.

Landings
A one-stop shopping center for aviation information.

National Air Transportation Association

National Business Aviation Association
The NBAA (founded 1947) represents the business aviation community -- over 6,100 companies that own or operate general aviation aircraft as an aid to the conduct of their business, or are involved with business aviation.

Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics
This oddly named organization is a private, not-for-profit corporation that develops consensus-based recommendations regarding communications, navigation, surveillance, and air traffic management (CNS/ATM) system issues. Organized in 1935 as the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics, RTCA today includes roughly 335 government, industry and academic organizations from the United States and around the world. RTCA functions as a Federal Advisory Committee and thus is subject to federal law designed to keep communications between federal agencies and their private advisors open to the public (Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S. Code sec. 552). Its recommendations are used by the Federal Aviation Administration as the basis for policy, program, and regulatory decisions and by the private sector as the basis for development, investment and other business decisions. Despite its status as a Federal Advisory Committee, RTCA amounts to a secretive back-channel for FAA consultation with the aviation industry and airports in setting policy.

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Airport Noise and Health

Adverse Health Impacts of Airport Expansion (D. Dennis Hansen, M.D., and Lee A. Sanders M.D., Ph.D., October 1992)

Aerospace Medical Association — The association's annual meeting and journal report numerous studies on noise and health).

Aviation Noise Effects
This Federal Aviation Administration report (March 1985) was written "in an effort to enhance public understanding of the impact of noise on people and to answer many questions that typically arise." It includes information on aircraft noise indices, human response to noise, and criteria for land use controls, as well as information on hearing damage and occupational health standards for noise exposure. The report was prepared after reviewing the rather extensive literature in each topical area, including many original research papers, and also by taking advantage of literature searches and reviews carried out under FAA and other federal funding over the past two decades.

Bibliography: Noise Impacts on Learning

Bibliography: Noise Impacts on Health

League for the Hard of Hearing Noise Center: Airport and Aircraft Noise

World Health Organization — See Guidelines for Community Noise (9.9 MB PDF file) and Fact Sheet: Occupational and Community Noise.


Noise Science

General

Acoustics -- Frequently Asked Questions

Bibliography: Noise Measurement, Science, and Engineering

Noise Sources and Their Effects
Two charts show the physiological and psychological effects of noise at different decibel levels and the types of noise at each level.

The Physics, Physiology, and Psychology of Noise
Excellent introductory article by Dr. Jeremy Tatum, November 1996, explaining why the degree of annoyance of a noise is not closely related to the decibel level.

Acoustical Society of America
Abstracts of papers from meetings since 1992.

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Established in 1963 through the merger of the Institute of Aeronautical Sciences and the American Rocket Society.

Confederation of European Aerospace Societies

Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the USA
The Institute is a nonprofit professional organization incorporated in Washington, DC. A primary purpose of the Institute is to promote engineering solutions to environmental noise problems. INCE-USA is a member society of the International Institute of Noise Control Engineering, an international consortium of organizations with interests in acoustics and noise control. INCE-USA has two technical publications, Noise Control Engineering Journal and Noise/News International. The Institute also sponsors the NOISE-CON series of national conferences on noise control engineering, and the INTER-NOISE Congress when it is held in North America.

Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction
A cooperative research organization and an FAA/NASA/Transport Canada-sponsored Center of Excellence centered at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Society of Automotive Engineers: Aircraft Noise Committee
You must register to participate in the committee's public forum.

Transportation Research Board
Part of the National Academies, the TRB is an important focal point for collaboration and funding for aviation noise studies. See TRB Standing Committees. Of particular interest is the Committee on Transportation-Related Noise and Vibration.

Volpe Center Acoustics
The Acoustics Facility at the Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (U.S. Department of Transportation) has been involved in all aspects of transportation-related noise and vibration since the center's inception in 1970. Since the late 1970s the bulk of the work has been in the areas of aircraft and highway noise.

World Forum for Acoustic Ecology
Links to a variety of websites and documents on the web.

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